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Top 10 math functions in python The math module provides us various by Allwin Raju

By 3 August 2022April 20th, 2023No Comments


Since you just wrote the code and are familiar with it, you might actually find the first version easier to read. Then refer to items in the library using that shortened name. Find and read documentation for the standard library interactively and online.

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A background in mathematics will be helpful here, but don’t worry if math isn’t your strong suit. This article will explain the basics of everything you need to know. Isinf() function is used to check whether the value is infinity or not. The gamma() function is used to return the gamma value of the argument.

Getting to Know the Python math Module

Natural Exponential FunctionThis function is used in many real-life situations. You may have heard of the term exponential growth, which is often used in relation to human population growth or rates of radioactive decay. Both of these can be calculated using the natural exponential function.


But there is limit to the precision of floating numbers. The precision is limited to the number of bits used. 32-bit floating point numbers have lower precision than 64-bit numbers. There is also a limit to how big or how small a floating point number you can represent. For a 32-bit representation the range is (+/-) 3.4E38 and for 64-bit representation the range is (+/-) 1.8E308.

It has support for nearly all data types found in Numpy, including support for converting other datatypes into Numpy arrays. Though further improvements to this library have been halted, it remains a popular and efficient choice for a lot of developers who work with multi-dimensional arrays. It is also often used in conjunction with other popular libraries such as NumPy and Pandas for data manipulation and analysis. Here is a list of all the properties and functions specified in the math module, along with a brief description of what each one does.

Calculating the Power of a Number

The first line returns the natural logarithm of 10, and the second line returns the logarithm of 10 to the base 3. There are several built-in constants in the math module. We’ll cover some of the most important constants in this section.


The python math libraries module also provides some useful methods for doing trigonometry. In this section, we’ll learn how to calculate the sine, cosine, and tangent of a given value using the following methods provided in the math module. This tutorial will explore the common constants and functions implemented in the math module — and how to use them. In this article, we learn about the math module from basics to advance using the help of a huge dataset containing functions explained with the help of good examples. This module provides access to the mathematical functions defined by the C standard. Using the above code, we import all the methods of themathlibrary.

Python Modules

In this section, you’ll learn about the constants and how to use them in your Python code. Refer to the below articles to get detailed information about the trigonometric and angular functions. Log10 function computes value of log a with base 10. This value is more accurate than the value of the function discussed above. Gcd() function is used to find the greatest common divisor of two numbers passed as the arguments. Using the factorial() function we can find the factorial of a number in a single line of the code.

  • With its simplicity, readability, and flexibility, Python is an excellent choice for performing mathematical operations and analyzing data.
  • The heart of NumPy is the high-performance N-dimensional array data structure.
  • It is one of the most popular libraries for data manipulation and data analysis in Python.
  • To allow other projects to use the NumPy library, its code was placed in a separate package.
  • Or if you were to also import a function named degrees from another library.
  • You may have heard of the term exponential growth, which is often used in relation to human population growth or rates of radioactive decay.

To the administrator, Your posts are always well-referenced and credible. As you can see, you can determine that a number is indeed complex by using type(). An imaginary number is a number that gives a negative result when squared. Dist() returns the Euclidean distance between two points p and q, each given as a sequence of coordinates.

There is such a thing as Python programming language. It is valuable in itself for a number of reasons, as it is effective and very common. In addition to everything else, Python is valuable for its set of libraries for a variety of needs. The float has been converted to an integer by removing the fractional part and keeping the base number. Note that when you convert a value to an int in this way, it will be truncated rather than being rounded off. Most likely you find this version easier to read since it’s less dense.

It provides high-level data structures and tools for data manipulation, analysis, and visualization. Pandas makes it easy to work with large datasets, and it provides powerful functions for manipulating and analyzing data. It also provides a wide range of statistical and machine learning algorithms for data analysis.

Exponents and logarithms#

Patsy describes statistical models in all its forms. It also has many functions that are common in R but with small differences, like how to denote exponentiation. Patsy will build matrices using formulas, very similar to the way it is done in S and R.

It is useful to check if you can solve your problem easily with these If you need to know what functions exist you need to go through the list. However, first realize that the module implements all the C standard functions. Pandas is a Python library used for data analysis and manipulation.

Python Tutorial

One of the main goals of SciPy is to provide a powerful and flexible package that is accessible to users at all levels of expertise, while still maintaining efficiency. NumPy is a powerful library for numerical computing in Python. NumPy is widely used in the scientific community and is an essential tool for many scientific and engineering applications. It is a standard module, so we don’t need to install it separately. We only have to import it into the program we want to use.

The pow function returns the value of x to the power of y . It’s an open-source python module that provides a comprehensive set of tools for statistical analysis of data sets. Statsmodel has features that will appeal to both beginners and experienced users alike and prove to be best when it comes to statistical computing. SciPy is a comprehensive Python library that is widely used in the scientific community for scientific and engineering applications. It is built on top of the NumPy library and provides a wide range of functions and tools for optimizing performance, performing complex calculations, and analyzing data.

  • When working with scalar values, math module functions can be faster than their NumPy counterparts.
  • Except for fsum() and prod(), the math module functions can’t handle arrays.
  • Sqrt() function returns the square root of the number.
  • Except when explicitly noted otherwise, all return values are floats.

You can use the math module to perform various mathematical calculations, such as numeric, trigonometric, logarithmic, and exponential calculations. The power and logarithmic functions section are responsible for exponential calculations, which is important in many areas of mathematics, engineering, and statistics. These functions can work with both natural logarithmic and exponential functions, logarithms modulo two, and arbitrary bases.

Python’s built-in math module is a useful tool for performing a wide range of mathematical operations in your Python programs. Both the math module and the NumPy library can be used for mathematical calculations. NumPy has several similarities with the math module. NumPy has a subset of functions, similar to math module functions, that deal with mathematical calculations.

All you have to do is apply one of the Numba decorators to your Python function and Numba will do the rest. This enables Python numerical algorithms to run at speeds comparable to those of C or FORTRAN. ✔️SymPy depends mpmath that is a library for Python that makes it easy to perform arbitrary floating-point arithmetic operations. ✔️OPTIMIZED FOR PERFORMANCE. Experience the power of Python combined with the speed of compiled C code by utilizing the core of NumPy.

Here sin and pi are referred to with a shortened library name m instead of math. Library call 3 does exactly that using theimport … Syntax – it creates an alias for math in the form of the shortened name m.

The main reason not to use this form of import is to avoid name clashes. For instance, you wouldn’t import degrees this way if you also wanted to use the name degrees for a variable or function of your own. Or if you were to also import a function named degrees from another library. Here sin and pi are referred to with the regular library name math, so the regular import …

You can substitute values to the equation to calculate the remaining quantity of any radioactive substance. When you use decimal values, the return type changes to a decimal value. You can see from the above examples that nan is not close to any value, not even to itself. On the other hand, inf is not close to any numerical values, not even to very large ones, but it is close to itself. With trunc(), negative numbers are always rounded upward toward zero and positive numbers are always rounded downward toward zero. You can’t give non-number values as input to ceil().

As you can see, you can’t input a negative value to log(). This is because log values are undefined for negative numbers and zero. Pow() raises the base to the power , and then the result value is modulo divided by the modulus number . You can substitute your own values and see that both pow() and the given equation provide the same results.

Return the non-negative square-root of an array, element-wise. Decompose the elements of x into mantissa and twos exponent. Logarithm of the sum of exponentiations of the inputs in base-2. The differences between consecutive elements of an array. Return the cumulative sum of array elements over a given axis treating Not a Numbers as zero.

It provides a comprehensive set of result statistics for each estimator, which have been tested against existing statistical packages to guarantee accuracy. You can find the online documentation for this package at SciPy in Python is a collection of mathematical algorithms and functions built as a Numpy extension. It greatly extends the capabilities of an interactive Python session by providing the user with high-level commands and classes for managing and visualizing data. With SciPy, an interactive Python session becomes a data processing and prototyping system competing with systems such as MATLAB, IDL, Octave, R-Lab, and SciLab.

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Trigonometry is mostly interested in right-angled triangles , but it can also be applied to other types of triangles. The Python math module provides very useful functions that let you perform trigonometric calculations. The square root of a number is a value that, when multiplied by itself, gives the number. You can use math.sqrt() to find the square root of any positive real number . The function will throw a ValueError if you try to enter a negative number.

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